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Rosacea: Symptoms, Types, Triggers & Skin Care Tips

Rosacea: Symptoms, Types, Triggers & Skin Care Tips

Posted by Jeana LeClerc | Art of Skin Care on 17th Apr 2019

Imagine living life with the painful discomfort of a permanent sunburn. You dread waking up in the morning and looking at your ruddy complexion in the mirror. Trying to cover up unsightly blood vessels and inflamed pustules with makeup feels like a lost cause. And some of your favorite things only serve to make matters worse--going out for a drink with friends, sunbathing, your morning coffee, and working out. People stare and ask if you’re too hot or whether you feel okay. First dates and job interviews often come with feelings of shame and embarrassment.

If this sounds like you or someone you care about, then perhaps you understand the woes of approximately 16 million Americans who suffer from an incurable skin disease known as acne rosacea. While most of us have heard of it, few understand the physical and emotional distress that stems from going through life wearing a mask of uncomfortable facial redness. Often confused with stubborn acne, rosacea is a chronic and long-lasting disease with the potential to wreak havoc on the overall wellness of its sufferers.

National Rosacea Awareness

Thanks to the National Rosacea Society, the month of April has been designated as National Rosacea Awareness Month. Here at Art of Skin Care, we want to bring a spark of hope and a guiding light to our flushed friends. If you’ve received a rosacea diagnosis or suspect you may have this skin condition, we understand how challenging it can be to discover the perfect blend of solutions that bring you relief from frustrating rosacea flare-ups. We’ll answer the common questions about rosacea while also providing you with some rosacea skincare tips you can try at home.

What Is Rosacea?

Affecting an estimated 45 million people across the globe, rosacea is an inflammatory skin disease with no known cure. While signs can begin to appear in your early twenties, the majority of those diagnosed with rosacea are middle-aged and older adults with fair, sensitive skin. While women are more likely than men to suffer from rosacea skin, men are more likely to suffer from more severe stages of the disease. Often mistaken as acne, eczema, dry skin, or an allergic reaction, rosacea is characterized by flushed facial skin that ranges from overly sensitive to burning, stinging, raised patches called plaques.

With a variety of unique skin types, environmental factors, and several different types and stages of rosacea to take into consideration, personalized help really is the best step to clear up this inflammatory skin condition. To receive the one-on-one attention that rosacea clients deserve, we recommend our consultation for blemish-prone skin. Our master estheticians will guide you through the process of discovering the skincare and lifestyle changes that are best for your specific needs.

The Types and Stages of Rosacea

In the early stages, rosacea-prone skin might flush a little more easily than most. Left untreated, late-stage symptoms of rosacea can result in physical disfigurement and severe emotional distress. Being aware of the stages of rosacea can help catch the condition early, preventing progression of the disease.

Stage 1: Vascular Rosacea - redness and flushing on the cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. The face may be slightly swollen.

Stage 2: Pustular Rosacea - Bumps, pimples, or spider veins and enlarged pores appear on the face. Irritation may spread and affect the scalp, ears, neck, or chest.

Stage 3: Late Rosacea - Skin on nose thickens, may become bulbous and misshapen. Eyes can become dry and irritated, excessive tearing may occur. Eyelids may swell and styes may be recurring.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there are also four types of rosacea.

Type 1: Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea - Redness, flushing, visible blood vessels.

Type 2: Papulopustular rosacea - Redness, swelling, and acne-like breakouts.

Type 3: Phymatous rosacea - Skin thickens and has a bumpy texture.

Type 4: Ocular rosacea - Eyes red and irritated, eyelids can be swollen, and a person may have what looks like a sty.

Common Rosacea Triggers

While the cause of rosacea is as unknown as the cure, the triggers are easier to identify. One of the most frustrating aspects of rosacea is the realization that much of what you enjoy in life has to be scaled back or eliminated altogether in order to minimize flare-ups. Here are some of the most common triggers of rosacea symptoms:

  • Sun exposure
  • Emotional stress
  • Heavy exercise (hot yoga, spin class, etc.)
  • Extreme temperatures (hot air, cold weather, humidity)
  • Hot baths & showers, hot tubs, and saunas
  • Heated blankets
  • Indoor heating
  • Skincare products containing alcohol or acids
  • Cosmetics
  • Spicy foods
  • Dairy products
  • Fermented foods
  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Hot drinks
  • Chocolate
  • Marinated meats
  • Foods high in histamines (citrus, nuts, tomatoes, shellfish, etc.)

What Is The Best Rosacea Treatment?

Although it can sometimes take years for rosacea sufferers to determine what works best for their sensitive skin, a combination of deliberate self-care and a customized skincare routine for rosacea-prone skin can tame flare-ups and provide much-needed relief. The best approach to rosacea treatment is truly a holistic approach, one that combines the benefits of a rosacea-specific skincare regimen with stress-reducing self-care.

5 Tips To Prevent and Treat Rosacea

    1. Identify your unique rosacea flare triggers. If you're just now wondering if you might have rosacea or if your rosacea diagnosis is new to you, the idea of isolating your flare-up triggers is probably a little overwhelming. While it's important to eliminate as many of the known triggers as you can, know that this is going to take some time. Six months from now, you're going to have a much better handle on what you can and cannot tolerate. Try keeping a journal to record specific symptoms and the possible corresponding triggers from our above list.

    2. Implement a rosacea-friendly skincare regimen. Gentle skincare products are key for rosacea sufferers. Now is the time to try new products that are mild, non-abrasive, and non-acidic. Exfoliating products such as scrubs and polishes will cause irritation and are not appropriate for rosacea-prone skin. Hale & Hush is a product line we recommend to rosacea patients requiring delicate skincare treatment. The key focus of these products is to repair and promote a healthy skin barrier, minimizing irritation and redness.

    A gentle cleanser such as Quiet Wash will knock out redness quickly. It’s important to wash your face with lukewarm water and blot dry with a soft cloth. The best moisturizer for rosacea skin that we see great results with is the Vital Lipid Lotion. Results are improved further when this lotion is boosted with Relief Bio-Powder. This is a botanically-based product that serves both to cover up and heal inflammation on the skin.

    3. Practice good sun protection habits. According to the National Rosacea Society, exposure to the sun accounts for a whopping 81% of rosacea flare-ups. This may be a difficult revelation for regular sunbathers, but the good news is that the power is in your hands. Wearing a hat and protective clothing, sunglasses, and sunscreen protection against UV rays will go a long way to keep symptoms of rosacea at bay. Hale & Hush Broad Spectrum SPF 30 is a chemical-free zinc oxide sunscreen that delivers both anti-inflammatory and anti-aging ingredients, including protective antioxidants.

    4. Enjoy a monthly facial. If you ever needed a good excuse to treat yourself to a facial, now you have it. It's important to do your own research and find an esthetician who both knows how to treat rosacea and understands the particular needs of your sensitive skin. The right professional will be able to help you take your healing to the next level and provide you with personalized care. Monthly facials actually reduce rosacea skin's tendency towards inflammation, making the skin stronger and less reactive. So go ahead and pamper yourself. There have to be perks associated with having rosacea at some point, right?

    5. Rest, relax, refresh. Second only to sun exposure, emotional stress is high on the list of offending rosacea triggers. The psychological and social impact of rosacea can feel like an enormous burden to bear--all the more reason to make rest and relaxation a vital part of your daily life. Find what brings you joy, peace, and fulfillment and pack as much of it as you can into a healthy lifestyle. Happiness does not end with a rosacea diagnosis. By implementing the above tips and figuring out what works for you (and what doesn't), before long you'll be living your best life in spite of rosacea.